How to detect Thyroid
The human body is amazing artwork. It has all the structures and functions in proper collaborations and arrangement. The external and internal homeostasis of the body is controlled by both the external glands and the hormones along with our regular habits.
However, in today’s generation, we are completely affected by many diseases out of which hormonal imbalance stands in a unique and dedicated position altogether. Hypothyroidism or underactive thyroid is taking a toll on our health too.
What is hypothyroidism?
Hypothyroidism or underactive thyroid is a disease in which the thyroid gland fails to produce enough of thyroid hormones. As a consequence, swelling in front of the neck or goiter, inability to tolerate cold, constipation, depression and other health deterioration can occur.
Hypothyroidism can occur due to iodine deficiency, which is the reason in most of the cases. Other reasons can be an injury to the hypothalamus, a previous treatment which has been performed with the radioactive iodine, injury to the anterior pituitary gland, previous surgery of the thyroid, less production of thyroxin from birth itself.
Top 5 Signs of Underactive Thyroid
Hypothyroidism or underactive thyroid is sometimes difficult to recognize. As a consequence, it can even be left untreated. As a matter of fact, the untreated thyroid in pregnant women can cause cretinism: a condition that halts or delays the intellectual development and growth in the baby.
Several signs of underactive thyroid are discussed in the article. These signs of underactive thyroid are as follows:
- Feeling Exhausted
A very crucial symptom as per as hypothyroidism is being concerned is being exhausted. The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped gland situated across the windpipe. It produces thyroxin hormone.
The thyroxin hormone helps in the regulation of metabolism within the body. Not just that it also establishes the energy balance in the body. Energy balance is extremely essential as it regulates the day to day activities. As a matter of fact, the thyroid gland decides whether the body needs a nap or it is okay to perform a given task.
Animals that hibernate tend to have low thyroid levels during those hibernating period. On wondering how this can be done. The thyroid gland receives signals of hormones from the brain which in turn commands the cells in the body and changes the rate of functionality automatically.
There is physical exhaustion as well as mental tiredness, too which is involved in hypothyroidism.
- Gaining of Weight
An unexpected gain in weight occurs in hypothyroidism. This is because, when one suffers from hypothyroidism, the body tends to store calories in the liver, muscles, and fat tissues present in the body. Also, in addition, the individual tends to move a lot less.
A low metabolism takes over and basal metabolism decreases. As a consequence, individuals suffering from hypothyroidism have an immense gain in weight. Approximately 15-20 pounds increases during hypothyroidism. However, this value might vary, too.
- Feeling Cold All the Time
The feeling of warmth occurs only when the body burns calories during exercise or metabolic activities. As a consequence, an increase in the basal metabolic rate, the feeling of warmth also increases.
To be honest, even when one is sitting, an individual is burning calories. In fact, the thermostat of the body, that is the brown fat, is also turned up by the thyroid. In the presence of low thyroid, this decreases and the thermostat stops performing ideally.
As a consequence of all these, patients suffering from hypothyroidism tend to feel cold all the time.
- An ache in muscle and joints accompanied by weakness
Catabolism is a direct effect of hypothyroidism as it affects the metabolic rate of the body. As a consequence of catabolism, the strength of muscle reduces and weakness takes a toll over the body.
Muscle cramps tend to occur very often and are accompanied by reduction is activity by a remarkable rate.
- Hair loss
Low level of thyroxin prevents the hair follicle to stop regenerating. As a consequence, hair loss occurs. Thus, hair is lost and regeneration is stopped resulting in a remarkable amount of hair loss.
Hair cells are most affected in hypothyroidism because hair follicles are composed of stem cells which have a short lifespan and a very fast turnover.
Hence, using these major symptoms one can easily detect hypothyroidism.
Once you are sure that you have thyroid you should consult with your dietitian or nutritionist to get an effective diet and fitness routine to reverse your condition.