lifestyle disorders and their causes
Lifestyle disorders are conditions that are mainly dependent on the day to day patterns of people. Patterns that take away people from the task and force them towards a non-active plan can induce a number of health issues that can cause chronic non-communicable disorders. Thus, lifestyle has a major impact on the physical and mental health of an individual.
Lifestyle disorders are often caused by alcohol, drug, and smoking abuse as well as lack of physical activity and unhealthy consuming. Disorders that impact on our lifestyle are heart disease, stroke, obesity, and type II diabetes. The diseases that seem to rise in frequency as countries become more industrialized.
These days, wide changes have occurred in the life of all people. Malnutrition, unhealthy diet, smoking, alcohol consumption, drug abuse, stress and so on, are the root of an unhealthy lifestyle. Moreover, the lives of citizens face new challenges. The challenge is the excessive use and misuse of technology.
Diet and lifestyle are key elements to affect vulnerability to many diseases. Drug misuse, tobacco, smoking, and alcohol drinking, as well as a lack of or too much exercise, may also increase the risk of developing certain diseases, particularly later in life.
Reasons are not simply from smoking and alcohol misuse. People can develop lifestyle disorders through behavioral factors that influence them. These can be unemployment, risky life, poor social environment, working conditions, stress, and home life can alter a person’s lifestyle to raise their risk of developing one of these diseases.
Behavioral factors like excessive use of alcohol, bad food habits, tobacco and smoking, lack of exercise, wrong body posture and disturbed biological clock maximize the possibility of diseases. The stress related to work is also seen as a strong risk factor for diseases.
Factors that cannot be managed or altered by the use of treatment can be called non-modifiable factors and include Age, Race, Gender, and Genetics.
Metabolic factors cause four major changes in the metabolic systems that increase the possibility to include, increased blood pressure, Obesity, Increased blood glucose levels or hyperglycemia, and increased levels of fat in the blood or hyperlipidemia.
Ultimately, factors of lifestyle that influence health can be grouped in some items:
- Diet is the greatest factor in lifestyle and has a direct and positive relationship with health. Poor diet and its effects like obesity is the common health issue in urban societies. An unhealthy lifestyle can be calculated by BMI. Urban lifestyle causes nutrition problems like using fast foods and poor foods, increasing problems like cardiovascular.
- For dealing with basic health problems, the exercise is included in lifestyle. The continuous exercise along with a healthy diet improves health. Some reports stress on the connection of an active lifestyle with happiness.
- One of the basics of a healthy life is sleep. Sleep cannot be separated from life. Sleep disorders have several social, psychological, economic and health effects. Sleep has a clear influence on mental and physical health.
- Addiction is considered an unhealthy lifestyle. Smoking and using other substances may lead to various problems, like cardiovascular disease, asthma, cancer, brain injury.
- Unhealthy behaviors in using the medication are as follows: self-treatment, sharing medication, using medications without a prescription, prescribing too many drugs, prescribing a large number of each drug, unnecessary drugs.
- Misuse of technology may result in unpleasant effects. Addiction to the use of a mobile phone is related to depression symptoms.
Cardiovascular diseases are a collection of disorders of the heart and blood vessels and may include: Ischemic heart disease, Stroke, Peripheral arterial disease, and congenital heart disease.
Diabetes is a metabolism disorder that has an effect on the way the body utilized food for energy and physical growth.
Cancer impacts different parts of the body and is characterized by an immediate creation of abnormal cells in that part and can occupy other parts of the body as well.
Coronary heart disease
CHD is one of the most common types of heart problems faced today and is classified by elimination or blockage in the flow of oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle. This puts a high strain on the heart, which can lead to Angina, Heart attacks, Heart failure.http://www.dieticianforhealth.com/heart-disease-and-their-prevention-through-diet/
Cerebrovascular disease is the condition of blood vessels providing blood to the brain. When the blood delivers to the brain is cut off, a person suffers a stroke, which can be lethal.
Peripheral arterial disease
Peripheral arterial diseases are a condition of blood vessels supplying the arms and legs. It takes place when there is a blockage in the arteries to the limb.
Rheumatic heart disease
Rheumatic heart disease is classified by damage to the heart muscle and heart valves from rheumatic fever, caused by streptococcal bacteria. Some of the typical symptoms are fever and painful, tender joints.
Aortic diseases are a set of disorders that affect the aorta, the largest blood vessel in the body. The aorta is dependable for taking blood from the heart to the rest of the body.
Depending on the type of disorder, an acceptable treatment method plan can help relieve the problems. There are a variety of treatments varying from medication to surgeries that can help; however, prevention is always recommended overtreatment. To prevent CVD, one must
- Stop smoking
- Have a balanced diet with plenty of fiber
- Exercise regularly
- Maintain a healthy weight and body mass index
- Cut down on alcohol
- Aspirin and antiplatelet therapy