How does lifestyle cause prediabetes?
In common parlance, prediabetes is a borderline which if you cross; you enter the zone of diabetes. To be more specific, prediabetes is a pre-diagnosis of diabetes. This is the situation where your blood glucose level is higher than normal, but it is not that high so as to be brought under the domain of diabetes.
In fact, it is a warning sign or a wakeup call that you are under the waves of diabetes. But, since it is a warning sign, it can be controlled and you can be prevented from entering the territory of diabetes.
What are the World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines on diabetes?
According to WHO, diabetes is a chronic, metabolic disease characterized by elevated levels of blood glucose (or blood sugar), which leads over time to serious damage to the heart, blood vessels, eyes, kidneys, and nerves. The most common type of diabetes according to the findings is type 2 diabetes. The first WHO Global report on diabetes has demonstrated the urgency of the situation and the facts have suggested a quadrupled increase in the number of adults living with diabetes since 1980 to 422 million adults. In fact, data shows that 1.6 million deaths are directly attributed to diabetes every year. On average, 1 in every 3 adults is overweight and 1 in 10 is obese.
Diabetes is a leading cause of many diseases including death, blindness, kidney failure, heart attack, strokes, etc. In fact, the researchers have shown the leading cause of diabetes to be obesity. The WHO programmed on diabetes calls for preventing type-2 diabetes, minimizing complications and maximizing the quality of life for all people with diabetes. The major function of this program is to set norms and standards, promote surveillance, encourage prevention, raise awareness and strengthen prevention and control. Not only this, the reports of WHO calls upon governments to ensure that people are able to make healthy choices and that health systems are able to diagnose, treat and care for people with diabetes.
What are the causes of prediabetes?
There are various causes of prediabetes. These are-
- Obesity is the leading cause. Excessive weight disrupts your normal functioning and can actually disturb your blood sugar level.
- If you have a family member or near relative who has diabetes
- High blood pressure can also lead to high chances of prediabetes
- The low level of HDL cholesterol in the body is also a contributing factor
Are lifestyle modifications causing people to become prediabetic?
To some extent, the lifestyle of you is to be blamed for the occurrence of prediabetes. The key factors include:
- Less exercise– your lifestyle is so shaped these days that you end up sitting at one place for hours, you spend time on social media but you do not do any kind of physical activity. On the name of physical activity, your exercise level is zero. This is bound to have a negative impact on your blood sugar level. So, it is a contributing factor.
- Unhealthy food habits- the high consumption of processed and junk foods and unhealthy food pattern of adults is a matter of concern. These foods are devoid of nutrients as well as they affect the health of the individual in a negative way.
- Ecological factors- the increased amount of pollution in the environment leads to a number of health complications, out of which blood sugar level may be one.
What are the various ways to deal with prediabetes?
The various ways to deal with pre-diabetes are:
- You should have the right weight, neither too high nor too low. This is because obesity is the leading factor for pre-diabetes.
- You should adopt right A balanced and nutritious diet has the potential to reverse prediabetes.
- You should adopt a good lifestyle. You can reduce those things which actually lead to prediabetes as previously mentioned.
What are the food patterns to be adopted to tackle prediabetes?
The various diet products to be adopted for handling prediabetes are-
- Brown rice
- Baked sweet potato
- Kale spinach
- Fresh fruits
The diet products to be avoided in prediabetes are-
- Sugar-sweetened beverages
- Trans fat
- Flavored coffee drinks
- White bread
- Dried fruits
- French fries
- Flavored yogurt
- Sweetened cereals
- Packaged snack foods
It is always advisable to invest in a good dietician/Nutritionist to help you reverse this prediabetes. Diet and exercise are the two best ways to approach pre-diabetic patients. You can book your free consultation with our best dietitian in Delhi.