Hypoglycemia: a potentially life threatening condition that people with type 2 diabetes face
Hypoglycemia and type 2 diabetes are the two terms which go hand in hand. It is often found that persons suffering from type 2 diabetes also face hypoglycemia. Now, it becomes all the more pertinent to know what is hypoglycemia. It is a condition generally experienced by patients of type 2diabetes. The patients when taking excessive of insulin in the body, it is bound to lead to an unprecedented drop in blood sugar level. This condition is more or less, commonly termed as hypoglycemia. Let us try to understand it in some more detail.
What is hypoglycemia?
The main source of energy in the body is the blood sugar level. For the proper health of an individual, it is important that the blood sugar level in the body remains up to the mark- neither it should be abnormally low nor abnormally high.
The abnormally low level of blood sugar or glucose in the blood is called as hypoglycemia. People suffering from diabetes face situations of “insulin shock” which is nothing but a term commonly used for the hypoglycemic reaction.
What are the symptoms of hypoglycemia?
The various symptoms of hypoglycemia may include:
- Feeling of dizziness
- Fading and paleness of the face
- Feeling of anxiety
- Mood swings
- Blurred vision
- Excessive hunger
- Heart palpitations
- Excessive sweating
- Loss of consciousness
- Unable to concentrate
- Tremors in the body
- Lack of coordination
What are the causes of hypoglycemia?
The various causes of hypoglycemia include:
- Excessive supplementation of insulin in the body
- Excessive dependence on diabetic medications
- Skipping meals or postponing them from the usual time fixed
- Enhancing regular physical exercise without making any alteration in the medications
- Insufficient intake of carbohydrates in the body
- Insulin sensitivity because of following your weight loss goals
- Excessive intake of alcohol in the body.
What are the risks attached to hypoglycemia?
There are many risks attached to hypoglycemia. But, the most prominent risks among all is the risk of sudden death in people suffering from type 2 diabetes. The occurrence of hypoglycemia might lead to abnormal electrical activity in the heart which can easily provoke sudden deaths.
How to diagnose hypoglycemia?
Hypoglycemia can easily be diagnosed with the help of blood glucose meter. If the readings show your blood glucose level under the range of 70 mg/dl, you are very well under the trap of hypoglycemia and you need to deal with it accordingly.
What is the difference between hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia?
Well, both hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia is a condition characterizing fluctuation in blood sugar level. But, there are some prominent differences between the two. Let us know these differences in some detail.
- Hypoglycemia is a condition marked by excessive insulin in the body which leads to a significantly low level of blood sugar or glucose in the body while hyperglycemia is a situation characterizing insufficiency of insulin in the body leading to a much high level of blood sugar or glucose in the body.
- The symptoms and signs of hypoglycemia are sweating, tremors, dizziness, confusion, fatigue, hunger, weakness, heart palpitations, headache, nervousness, etc. while the signs and symptoms of hyperglycemia include frequent urination, excessive thirst, dry mouth, shortness of breath, blurred vision, etc.
- Generally, it is difficult to understand if a patient is suffering from hypoglycemia. For better results, you need to test with a blood glucose meter. On the other hand, the symptoms of hyperglycemia are very prominent and easily noticeable. For instance, excessive thirst and urination stimulate the demand to consult a doctor immediately.
- The treatment of hypoglycemia involves adopting the 15/15 rule while hyperglycemia can easily be treated by adopting some easy steps like eating healthy, proper exercising, taking less stress, etc.
- The outset of both conditions is completely different. Hypoglycemia is a sudden outbreak while hyperglycemia is characterized by slow and gradual development.
How to treat hypoglycemia?
Hypoglycemia can effectively be dealt through the following methods:
- Adjusting your medications so as to have adequate insulin in the body
- Altering your meal plan and making few adjustments
- Monitoring your blood glucose level
- Limiting the consumption of alcohol
- Intake of glucose tablets
What is the 15/15 rule for the treatment of hypoglycemia?
This is one of the most famous treatment methods you might have heard of. Let us know it in detail.
It is a technique involving consuming 15 grams of carbohydrates and then waiting for 15 minutes. After this check your blood glucose level. If you find it again to be under 70 mg/dl, consume another 15 grams of carbohydrates and recheck after 15 minutes. Repeat the process till you get the desired blood glucose level.
It is important to know the food products which can provide 15 grams of carbohydrates. These products may be:
- 3-4 glucose tablets
- Half a cup of orange juice or regular soda
- 1 tablespoon of honey or syrup
- 5-6 lifesavers candies
- 1 tablespoon of sugar
- 5 small sugar cubes
- 8 ounces of skimmed milk
What are the various diet plans to be adopted by patients suffering from hypoglycemia?
The required diet plan may include:
- Eating at regular intervals
- Eating carbohydrates in the right amount
- Eating food products rich in soluble fiber
- Eating food products rich in protein
- Limiting the consumption of alcohols
For achieving the above purpose some ideal food products are:
- Boiled eggs
- Vegetable smoothie
- Dry fruits
- Green salad
- Brown rice
Hypoglycemia is a condition caused by a very low level of blood sugar (glucose). It is often related to the treatment of diabetes. However, a variety of conditions — many rare — can cause low blood sugar in people without diabetes.By altering your meal plan and monitoring your blood glucose level and investing in a Diet program, you can treat it in an effective way. Losing weight with the help of expert Dietician can be an effective preventive measure.