Hey Readers! How are you doing? Feeling healthy and happy? Before proceeding how many of you do not know what is PCOD. Well, I cannot know it so please drop a comment and make me aware. PCOD stands for Polycystic Ovary Deficiency and PCOS stands for Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. Today we will know their symptoms, causes, and treatment. All you need to know about PCOD/PCOS.
What is PCOD/PCOS?
This is a condition that affects your hormone levels. Women with PCOS produce a higher level of hormones than normal. These hormonal imbalances result in a skip of menstruation and make it harder for them to get pregnant. It also causes hair growth on the face/body. It can contribute to long-term health problems like diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Birth control measures and diabetes drugs may help in fixing the problem. This can occur between the age of 15 and 44. Many women have PCOS but do not know about it. In research, about 70 % of women with PCOS are unaware of the problem. This syndrome affects ovaries, which produce hormones like progesterone and estrogen. These hormones are responsible to regulate menstruation. Ovaries also produce a small number of male hormones called androgens. Ovaries release eggs to be fertilized by sperm, which is known as ovulation. This syndrome contains a group of symptoms that affects ovaries and ovulation. Its three main signs are-
- Cyst in ovaries.
- High level of male hormones.
- Irregular or skipped periods.
Ok, you forgot to ask something that why we call it polycystic. It is because in it ovaries contain many cysts. Now let us see Causes of PCOD/PCOS.
Causes of PCOD/ PCOS
Researchers claim that it runs in the family. Many genes contribute to this condition.
Up to 70% of women having this syndrome have insulin resistance. It means their cells cannot use insulin properly. To know more about it, refer to our previous blog.
Women with this deficiency have an increased level of inflammation.
Being overweight contributes to inflammation and therefore to PCOD/PCOS.
Symptoms of PCOD/PCOS
Lack of ovulation prevents the uterus lining from shedding every month.
Uterus lining get build-up for a longer period. Therefore, you will get heavy bleeding than normal.
More than 80% of women have excess hair growth on face/body including back and belly too.
Male hormones make the skin oilier than usual and cause breakouts on areas like chest, face, and upper back.
Obesity or over-weighted:
Up to 80% of women with this syndrome are over-weighted.
Dark Patches of skin can form an area like the neck, under the breasts.
Hormone changes can cause headaches in many women.
Consequences of PCOD
To get pregnant ovulation is important, but women who do not ovulate regularly do not release many eggs to be fertilized.
It risk of high blood sugar, high blood pressure and low good cholesterol. Together they are called metabolic syndrome, which increases the risk of heart stroke.
This condition corresponds to repeated pauses in breathing during the night, which interrupts your sleep.
Thickness of uterus lining increases the risk of Endometrial Cancer.
Both hormonal changes and unwanted hair growth affect your mood.
Diagnosis of PCOD/PCOS
- Consult Doctor if you have above-mentioned symptoms.
- Pelvic Exam can look for any problem with your ovaries or other reproductive parts.
- Blood Tests to check for higher than normal male hormones.
- An ultrasound uses sound waves to check abnormal follicles.
Advice of Dieticians
- PCOD/PCOS can be treated with you willing to change your lifestyle. Plan for losing weight, eating a healthy diet, doing regular exercise.
- Losing 5-10% of body weight can help you with your menstrual cycle and improve PCOS symptoms.
- Researchers have proven that low carbohydrate diet helps in lowering insulin levels as well as weight. Eat more fruits, vegetables and whole grains that can help to regulate your menstrual cycle.
- 30 minutes of moderate intensity exercise in at least 3 days a week will help you lose weight and improve ovulation
Hope you know all about PCOD/PCOS. If you see any of these symptoms, Contact Us. We will help you out. Stay tuned for more healthy tips. Till then remain healthy and happy.