ENERGY DRINKS: WHAT IS INSIDE THEM
What are the energy drinks?
As the name itself suggests, energy drinks are intended to perform the task of providing extra energy to an individual. Besides providing extra energy to an individual, they also enhance mental alertness and physical performance in an individual. These are considered to be one of the most important and popular dietary supplement all across the globe.
What are the ingredients of energy drinks?
Most of the energy drinks contain a good amount of caffeine in them. This is because of the following reasons:
- It is a type of stimulant that has a significant impact on the working of neuronal control pathways in the central nervous system.
- The intake of caffeine in the body increases heart rate in the body.
- It also increases blood pressure in the body.
The presence of sugar in the energy drinks is all the more important because it helps in boosting energy level in the body as glucose in sugar provides the much-needed energy in the body.
B Vitamins are added to the energy drinks because they perform the following functions:
- These are added to a few of the energy drinks to make them look
- These are responsible for converting food into energy and thus adding them to these drinks give them the much-needed
- They very well fight against any sort of heart disease.
- They are known for the betterment of mood of an individual.
Carnitine is added to the energy drinks as they perform some important tasks like:
- It is known for increasing the endurance level in a human being.
- It increases the rate of metabolism in the body and thus increases the energy level in the body.
- It stimulates and increases the fat burning process in the body.
The amino acid which is naturally produced by a human body is known as taurine. However, in these energy drinks, we add the manufactured taurine. These serve certain essential purposes like:
- It helps in regulating the heartbeat.
- It supports the proper development of the brain.
- It promotes muscle contraction in the body.
- It regulates the mineral and water level in the body.
- It maintains the energy level in the body.
- It lowers the level of cholesterol in the body.
- It improves the rate of flow of blood in the body.
Guarana is a plant consisting of a caffeine compound called guaranine. In fact, one gram of guarana equals to 40 mg of caffeine. But, it is different from caffeine in the way that it contains a number of other molecules too. It is used as an ingredient of energy drinks for the following reasons:
- It provides more alertness to the body.
Ginseng has been used from time immemorial as a medicinal herb, and is added in the energy drinks due to one or more of the following reasons:
- It possesses anti-fatigue
- It even stimulates the hypothalamic and pituitary glands.
It is quite expected that energy drinks will contain artificial sweeteners in them. Some of the most common used sweeteners include aspartame, sucralose, Ace-K, etc.
What is the difference between energy drinks and a sports drink?
The basic difference between them is in the context of their ingredients. While the sports drink is made up of fluid plus electrolytes like sodium, potassium, magnesium. On the other hand, energy drinks are composed of caffeine and other stimulants.
Another significant difference between the two is in the objective they aim at. That means sports drink are specifically designed for people performing a strenuous physical activity so as to rehydrate such individuals while energy drinks are aimed at speeding up the central nervous system.
In fact, sports drinks are manufactured in such a way that they can be taken during the activity while the energy drinks can only be taken before the activity but never during the activity.
Energy drinks contain a lot of calories while the amount of calorie in a sports drink is comparatively lesser.
What are the safety concerns?
Some major safety concerns include:
- During exercise, the consumption of energy drinks should be avoided.
- Excess of caffeine in the energy drinks may promote dehydration in the body.
- An overdose of caffeine present in the energy drinks may result in a number of diseases like type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, nausea, vomiting, etc.
- High consumption of energy drinks might result in obesity due to the presence of sugar in them.
- Excessive consumption of energy drinks might affect the cardiac and nervous system in a negative way.
- Many times, it can even lead to anxiety, sleep disorders, and mood swings.
After having an insight into energy drinks, one can very well conclude that these drinks are supposed to perform some very useful purposes. This is the reason that they are widely recommended. However, not everything that looks beautiful is beautiful. The consumption of these drinks is very good in the short run. But, if taken in the long run, then we can very well say that they should not be consumed regularly keeping in view the potential hazards attached to them. The health of an individual is the topmost priority. Of course, supplementation is good but if one can change the food habits and adopt a healthy food pattern, then there will be very less demand for such products. It is always better to stay fit naturally as far as possible and take recourse to supplementation only in extreme situations.