Dietary management after Bone Marrow Transplant

What is bone marrow?

Bone marrow is primarily observed inside the long bones those of the legs and arms. It comprises of fat cells, blood vessels and specialized cells that make vital red blood cells, immune cells and clot-forming compounds. Bone marrow depends on foods that consist of certain nutrients to enable maintain it working and healthy. If you are retrieving from a bone marrow transplant, the doctor may suggest having more of the essential vitamins and minerals and other nutrients.

Excellent nutrition is a very essential part of the recovery. It allows the body to fight infection and repair tissue damage due to chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy.

Some of the negative effects you may have experienced in the hospital may proceed even after you go home. These negative effects may include nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, taste changes, and a sore or dry mouth. With these signs, it may be hard for you to consider consuming high calorie, nutrient-rich foods.


Protein-rich food items are broken down into amino acids, it builds and helps to repair cells. An average of 46 to 56 grams of protein requires daily to guide maintain healthy bone marrow and other tissues. Best sources include Meat, Poultry, Fish, Dairy Foods, Legumes, and Vegetables.


A crucial purpose of bone marrow is to make red blood cells, the iron-containing cells that incorporate oxygen to every part of the body. You need to get iron from the daily diet around 10 to 20 mg daily. Animal sources like liver and organ meats, poultry, fish and shellfish contain heme iron, which is readily absorbed by the body. Plant foods like Whole Grains, Green Leafy Vegetables, Nuts, and Seeds give you less readily absorbed non-heme iron.

Folic Acid

Folic acid is also important for the bone marrow to make red blood cells. A deficiency of this nutrient can cause anemia, in which the bone marrow makes large and unusually developed red blood cells. It also ends in fewer red blood cells, depriving the body’s cells sufficient oxygen and nutrients. Adults require 0.2 to 0.4 mg of folic acid daily from foods like Brown Rice, Broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, Spinach, Chickpeas, and Cereals.

Vitamin B-6

Bone marrow also needs vitamin B-6 to form hemoglobin, the substance in red blood cells that binds to oxygen. It also performs a role in generating energy to maintain every cell in the body, including the bone marrow. You need to have 1.2 to 1.4 mg from the diet daily. Sources include Fish, Eggs, Whole Grains, Milk, Potatoes and Cereals.

Calcium and Phosphorus

Some of the medicines may diminish calcium, which is essential for maintaining bone strength. Phosphorus is a mineral that allows strengthening bones. Some transplant patients usually need additional phosphorus. Dairy products high in calcium and phosphorus include Milk, Cheese, Yogurt, Pudding, Custard, Ice cream, Cream soup, Buttermilk, Powdered milk, Soy Milk

Non-dairy products high in calcium include Calcium-enriched Fruit Juice, Roasted Almonds, Dried Peas and Beans, Kale, Mustard, Turnip, Calcium-fortified Cereal, Spinach.

Good sources of phosphorus include Biscuit, Beef, Cereal, Mozzarella, Chicken, Cheese, Dried beans and peas, Fish, Milk, Milkshake, Nuts, Oatmeal, Peanut/nut butter, Potato, Pudding/custard, Soybeans, Soy milk, Waffle or pancake, Yogurt.

Potassium and magnesium

Anti-biotics, diarrhea, and vomiting can lead to mineral imbalances. Even after the hospital discharge, it is typical to need potassium and magnesium, which can be provided by pill or intravenous infusion.

Potassium is a mineral that keeps normal fluid balance, helps cell integrity, allows the making of protein, and assists in the transmission of nerve impulses and the contraction of the heart and other muscles.x

Fruit sources of potassium include Apricots, Avocados, Bananas, Dates, Figs, Kiwi, Oranges, Peaches, Prunes, Raisins. Vegetables high in potassium include Artichokes, Beets, Chickpeas, Dried beans, Parsnips, Pumpkin, Spinach, Squash, Sweet potatoes, Tomatoes.

Magnesium is also a mineral that is involved in bone mineralization, the building of protein, the transmission of nerve impulses, and normal muscular contraction.

Significant sources of magnesium include Chocolate, Legumes, Leafy green vegetables, Meat, Milk, Nuts, Peanut butter, Spinach, Tofu, Tuna, Whole grain cereal.


Sodium is a mineral necessary for water regulation and electrical activities of the body, like nerve impulse transmission and muscular contraction.

Consulting a Dietitian can help to improve the condition and fasten the recovery process. Since every individual is different a customize diet pan as per the routine can be very effective.

Leave a Reply

Be the First to Comment!

Notify of