15 Hydration Facts for Athletes

Essence of hydration

Water is a great efficiency booster. However, too many athletes neglect the power of this important nutrient. Perhaps it’s the time to give water consumption a second look.

No matter if you are an athlete or just exercise for adventure, it is essential to be hydrated. Best hydration implies having the right amount of water prior to, while in, and right after the exercise. Water controls the body temperatures and lubricates the joints. It allows the transport of nutrients to give you energy and stay healthy. If you are not hydrated, the body can’t conduct at its maximum level. You may feel fatigued; have muscle pains, vertigo, or other serious symptoms.

Liquids like energy drinks, soda or fruit juice are very great in sugar. The body cannot absorb them effectively when you participate in sports. Water or a sports drink is the ideal option while participating in sports.

Varieties of Drinks You Should Use and Avoid While Performing

Power drinks have nowhere in the diets of athletes. The best drinks alternatives for athletes are water and sports drinks. Water is good for hydration and is ideal for exercise that persists less than an hour and exercises on cold days. For extreme exercise that persists longer than an hour and exercises on hot and humid days, a sports drink that contains carbohydrate and minerals like sodium and potassium has been proven to improve hydration and avoid dehydration superior to water alone. Milk, chocolate milkshake and fruit juices should be prevented while in training or competition since their carbohydrate content is too great and triggers an upset stomach. It also slows down the rate of stomach clearing and liquid absorption.

We take around 80% of the daily liquid from beverages and around 20% from foods. Hydrating foods include fruits, vegetables, yogurt, cooked beans, rice, pasta, and cereals because they are cooked in water or other liquids. Most solid foods are not well accepted during strong exercise, so athletes should practice with hydrating foods during practices to discover what is effective for them.

The body is unable to survive without adequate water. Though once assumed to have a diuretic effect, recent research shows coffee hydrates together with water over a 24-hour period. That may be, after having coffee, you may urinate quicker, but you will not urinate over you consume.


Research on coffee and dehydration verifies coffee is an acceptable source of liquids for athletes, even during exercise in the heat. Therefore, coffee and other caffeinated beverages like tea count toward water intake.

Athletes who shed more than 2% of their body weight lose both their mental edge and their potential to perform perfectly in warm weather. Still, in cold weather, you are less probable to experience the lowered performance, even at 3% dehydration.

3 to 5% dehydration does not appear to affect muscle strength or efficiency in limited intense rounds of anaerobic exercises, like weightlifting. But distance runners slow their rate by 2% for each percent of body weight shed by dehydration. Sweat loss of more than 10% body weight is life damaging.

How Much Water do Athletes need to Drink Before, During, And After Exercise?

Staying properly hydrated is one of the most crucial steps an athlete can take for having peak performance in their sport.

Hydration is fundamental, in that every little thing an athlete does in training, competition, and healing is fairly dependent upon their water intake. A great rule for athletes is to split their body-weight in half and drink a minimum of an ounce per pound of body-weight during a regular day. This amount should then be changed for the day’s task level and exterior temperature.

On high exercise days, the moment of hydration becomes an additional essential factor. As general rules, the following tips can be beneficial:

  • Before Exercise: Drink 16 ounces of water two hours prior t0 the physical activity starts, and a further 8-16 ounces right before exercising.
  • During Exercise: Every 15-20 minutes, drink a minimum of 4-6 ounces of liquid during energetic exercise. For less energetic exercise, decrease the amount slightly.
  • After Exercise: Drink 16-24 ounces of water for the single pound lost in physical activity. Consuming rehydrating beverages like fruit smoothies and eating watery foods like fruits and vegetables coupled with salty ones can guide replace lost liquids and minerals.

Finally, every athlete loses liquids at distinct rates and has unique hydration requirements. Developing regular water breaks into practices is an excellent mentoring habit and allows athletes to learn to care for themselves.

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